Introduce an interface to nlmixr, supporting estimation methods ‘saem’ and ‘focei’: S3 method ‘nlmixr.mmkin’ using the helper functions ‘nlmixr_model’ and ‘nlmixr_data’ to set up nlmixr models for mmkin row objects, with summary and plot methods.
Reintroduce the interface to current development versions (not on CRAN) of saemix, in particular the generic function ‘saem’ with a generator ‘saem.mmkin’, currently using ‘saemix_model’ and ‘saemix_data’, summary and plot methods
‘mean_degparms’: New argument ‘test_log_parms’ that makes the function only consider log-transformed parameters where the untransformed parameters pass the t-test for a certain confidence level. This can be used to obtain more plausible starting parameters for the different mixed-effects model backends
‘plot.mixed.mmkin’: Gains arguments ‘test_log_parms’ and ‘conf.level’
‘vignettes/web_only/dimethenamid_2018.rmd’: Example evaluations of the dimethenamid data.
‘intervals’: Provide methods of this nlme function for ‘nlmixr.mmkin’ and ‘saem.mmkin’ objects.
All plotting functions setting graphical parameters: Use on.exit() for resetting graphical parameters
‘plot.mkinfit’: Use xlab and xlim for the residual plot if show_residuals is TRUE
‘mmkin’: Use cores = 1 per default on Windows to make it easier for first time users
‘confint.mmkin’, ‘nlme.mmkin’, ‘transform_odeparms’: Fix example code in dontrun sections that failed with current defaults
‘logLik.mkinfit’: Improve example code to avoid warnings and show convenient syntax
‘mkinresplot’: Re-add Katrin Lindenberger as coauthor who was accidentally removed long ago
Remove tests relying on non-convergence of the FOMC fit to the FOCUS A dataset as this is platform dependent (revealed by the new additional tests on CRAN, thanks!)
Increase test tolerance for some parameter comparisons that also proved to be platform dependent
‘mkinmod’ models gain arguments ‘name’ and ‘dll_dir’ which, in conjunction with a current version of the ‘inline’ package, make it possible to still use the DLL used for fast ODE solutions with ‘deSolve’ after saving and restoring the ‘mkinmod’ object.
‘mkindsg’ R6 class for groups of ‘mkinds’ datasets with metadata
‘f_norm_temp_focus’ generic function to normalise time intervals using the FOCUS method, with methods for numeric vectors and ‘mkindsg’ objects
‘D24_2014’ and ‘dimethenamid_2018’ datasets
‘focus_soil_moisture’ FOCUS default soil moisture data
‘update’ method for ‘mmkin’ objects
‘transform_odeparms’, ‘backtransform_odeparms’: Use logit transformation for solitary fractions like the g parameter of the DFOP model, or formation fractions for a pathway to only one target variable
‘plot.mmkin’: Add a ylab argument, making it possible to customize the y axis label of the panels on the left without affecting the residual plots. Reduce legend size and vertical distance between panels
‘plot.mkinfit’: Change default ylab from “Observed” to “Residue”. Pass xlab to residual plot if show_residuals is TRUE.
‘parms’: Add a method for mmkin objects
‘mmkin’ and ‘confint(method = ’profile’): Use all cores detected by parallel::detectCores() per default
‘confint(method = ’profile’): Choose accuracy based on ‘rel_tol’ argument, relative to the bounds obtained by the quadratic approximation
‘mkinfit’: Make ‘use_of_ff’ = “max” also the default for models specified using short names like “SFO” or “FOMC”
‘mkinfit’: Run ‘stats::shapiro.test()’ on standardized residuals and warn if p < 0.05
‘mkinfit’: ‘error_model_algorithm’ = ‘d_3’ does not fail if direct fitting fails, but reports that the results for the threestep algorithm are returned
‘mmkin’: Do not fail any more if one of the fits fails, but assign the try-error to the respective position in the mmkin object
‘mkinfit’: Ignore components of state.ini that do not correspond to state variables in the model
‘endpoints’: Back-calculate DT50 value from DT90 also for the biphasic models DFOP, HS and SFORB
Increase tolerance for a platform specific test results on the Solaris test machine on CRAN
Updates and corrections (using the spelling package) to the documentation
Support SFORB with formation fractions
‘mkinmod’: Make ‘use_of_ff’ = “max” the default
Improve performance by a) avoiding expensive calls in the cost function like merge() and data.frame(), and b) by implementing analytical solutions for SFO-SFO and DFOP-SFO
‘nlme.mmkin’: An nlme method for mmkin row objects and an associated S3 class with print, plot, anova and endpoint methods
‘mean_degparms, nlme_data, nlme_function’: Three new functions to facilitate building nlme models from mmkin row objects
‘endpoints’: Don’t return the SFORB list component if it’s empty. This reduces distraction and complies with the documentation
Article in compiled models: Add some platform specific code and suppress warnings about zero values being removed from the FOCUS D dataset
‘plot.mmkin’: Add the argument ‘standardized’ to avoid warnings that occurred when it was passed as part of the additional arguments captured by the dots (…)
‘summary.mkinfit’: Add AIC, BIC and log likelihood to the summary
‘mkinmod’: Use pkgbuild::has_compiler instead of Sys.which(‘gcc’), as the latter will often fail even if Rtools are installed
‘mkinds’: Use roxygen for documenting fields and methods of this R6 class
‘aw’: Generic function for calculating Akaike weights, methods for mkinfit objects and mmkin columns
‘loftest’: Add a lack-of-fit test
‘plot_res’, ‘plot_sep’ and ‘mkinerrplot’: Add the possibility to show standardized residuals and make it the default for fits with error models other than ‘const’
‘lrtest.mkinfit’: Improve naming of the compared fits in the case of fixed parameters
‘confint.mkinfit’: Make the quadratic approximation the default, as the likelihood profiling takes a lot of time, especially if the fit has more than three parameters
Fix a bug introduced in 0.9.49.6 that occurred if the direct optimisation yielded a higher likelihood than the three-step optimisation in the d_3 algorithm, which caused the fitted parameters of the three-step optimisation to be returned instead of the parameters of the direct optimisation
Add a ‘nobs’ method for mkinfit objects, enabling the default ‘BIC’ method from the stats package. Also, add a ‘BIC’ method for mmkin column objects.
Implement a likelihood ratio test as a method for ‘lrtest’ from the lmtest package
Add an ‘update’ method for mkinfit objects which remembers fitted parameters if appropriate
Add a ‘residuals’ method for mkinfit objects that supports scaling based on the error model
Fix a bug in ‘mkinfit’ that prevented summaries of objects fitted with fixed parameters to be generated
Add ‘parms’ and ‘confint’ methods for mkinfit objects. Confidence intervals based on the quadratic approximation as in the summary, and based on the profile likelihood
Move long-running tests to tests/testthat/slow with a separate test log. They currently take around 7 minutes on my system
‘mkinfit’: Clean the code and return functions to calculate the log-likelihood and the sum of squared residuals
Vignette ‘twa.html’: Add the maximum time weighted average formulas for the hockey stick model
Support frameless plots (‘frame = FALSE’)
Support to suppress the chi2 error level (‘show_errmin = FALSE’) in ‘plot.mmkin’
Update README and the introductory vignette
Report ‘OLS’ as error_model_algorithm in the summary in the case that the default error_model (‘const’) is used
Support summarizing ‘mkinfit’ objects generated with versions < 0.9.49.5
Several algorithms for minimization of the negative log-likelihood for non-constant error models (two-component and variance by variable). In the case the error model is constant variance, least squares is used as this is more stable. The default algorithm ‘d_3’ tries direct minimization and a three-step procedure, and returns the model with the highest likelihood.
The argument ‘reweight.method’ to mkinfit and mmkin is now obsolete, use ‘error_model’ and ‘error_model_algorithm’ instead
Add a test that checks if we get the best known AIC for parent only fits to 12 test datasets. Add these test datasets for this purpose.
New function ‘mkinerrplot’. This function is also used for residual plots in ‘plot.mmkin’ if the argument ‘resplot = “errmod”’ is given, and in ‘plot.mkinfit’ if ‘show_errplot’ is set to TRUE.
Remove dependency on FME, only use nlminb for optimisation (‘Port’ algorithm). I cannot remember cases where one of the other optimisation algorithms was preferable, except that I sometime used Levenberg-Marquardt for speed in cases where I did not expect to get trapped in a local minimum.
Use the numDeriv package to calculate hessians. This results in slightly different confidence intervals, takes a bit longer, but is apparently more robust
Add a simple benchmark vignette to document the impact on performance.
The code for manual weighting was removed. This functionality might get added again at a later time. For the time being, please use an earlier version, e.g. 0.9.48.1 if you want to do manual weighting.
The fitting time reported in the summary now includes the time used for calculation of the hessians
Fix an error in the FOCUS chi2 error level calculations that occurred if parameters were specified in parms.ini that were not in the model. A warning was already issued, but when fitting in parallel via mmkin this could go unnoticed.
Add example datasets obtained from risk assessment reports published by the European Food Safety Agency.
Add the function ‘logLik.mkinfit’ which makes it possible to calculate an AIC for mkinfit objects
Add the function ‘AIC.mmkin’ to make it easy to compare columns of mmkin objects
‘add_err’: Respect the argument giving the number of replicates in the synthetic dataset
‘max_twa_parent’: Support maximum time weighted average concentration calculations for the hockey stick (HS) model
‘mkinpredict’: Make the function generic and create a method for mkinfit objects
‘mkinfit’: Improve the correctness of the fitted two component error model by fitting the mean absolute deviance at each observation against the observed values, weighting with the current two-component error model
‘tests/testthat/test_irls.R’: Test if the components of the error model used to generate the data can be reproduced with moderate accuracy
Add the function ‘CAKE_export’ to facilitate cross-checking of results
Implement the logistic model (only tested for parent fits)
‘nafta’: Add evaluations according to the NAFTA guidance
Make the two-component error model stop in cases where it is inadequate to avoid nls crashes on windows
Move two vignettes to a location where they will not be built on CRAN (to avoid more NOTES from long execution times)
Exclude more example code from testing on CRAN to avoid NOTES from long execution times
‘mkinfit’: Improve fitting the error model for reweight.method = ‘tc’. Add ‘manual’ to possible arguments for ‘weight’
Test that FOCUS_2006_C can be evaluated with DFOP and reweight.method = ‘tc’
‘sigma_twocomp’: Rename ‘sigma_rl’ to ‘sigma_twocomp’ as the Rocke and Lorenzato model assumes lognormal distribution for large y. Correct references to the Rocke and Lorenzato model accordingly.
‘mkinfit’: Use 1.1 as starting value for N parameter of IORE models to obtain convergence in more difficult cases. Show parameter names when ‘trace_parms’ is ‘TRUE’.
Skip some tests on CRAN and winbuilder to avoid timeouts
‘test_data_from_UBA_2014’: Added this list of datasets containing experimental data used in the expertise from 2014
‘mkinfit’: Added the iterative reweighting method ‘tc’ using the two-component error model from Rocke and Lorenzato. NA values in the data are not returned any more.
‘mkinfit’: Work around a bug in the current FME version that prevented the convergence message to be returned in the case of non-convergence.
‘summary.mkinfit’: Improved output regarding weighting method. No predictions are returned for NA values in the model (see above).
‘summary.mkinfit’: Show versions of mkin and R used for fitting (not the ones used for the summary) if the fit was generated with mkin >= 0.9.47.1
vignettes/mkin.Rmd: URLs were updated
synthetic_data_for_UBA: Add the code used to generate the data in the interest of reproducibility
Converted the vignette FOCUS_Z from tex/pdf to markdown/html
DESCRIPTION: Add ORCID
plot.mkinfit: Fix scaling of residual plots for the case of separate plots for each observed variable
plot.mkinfit: Use all data points of the fitted curve for y axis scaling for the case of separate plots for each observed variable
max_twa_parent to avoid conflict with
twa from my
Update URLs in documentation
Limit test code to one core to pass on windows
rbenchmark as the former is not supported on all platforms
plot.mmkin: If the plotting device is
tikz, LaTeX markup is being used for the chi2 error in the graphs.
pkgdown, the successor of
staticdocs for generating static HTML documentation. Include example output and graphs also for
plot.mkinfit: Plotting does not fail any more when the compiled model is not available, e.g. because it was removed from the temporary directory. In this case, the uncompiled model is now used for plotting
The title was changed to
Kinetic evaluations of chemical degradation data
plot.mkinfit: Add the possibility to show fits (and residual plots if requested) separately for the observed variables
plot.mkinfit: Add the possibility to show the chi2 error levels in the plot, similar to the way they are shown in
plot_sep: Add this function as a convenience wrapper for plotting observed variables of mkinfit objects separately, with chi2 error values and residual plots.
Vignettes: The main vignette
mkin was converted to R markdown and updated. The other vignettes were also updated to show current improved functionality.
add_err was added to the package, making it easy to generate simulated data using an error model based on the normal distribution
Remove an outdated reference to the inline package in the
mkinfit: Do not error out in cases where the fit converges, but the Jacobian for the untransformed model cost can not be estimated. Give a warning instead and return NA for the t-test results.
summary.mkinfit: Give a warning message when the covariance matrix can not be obtained.
A test has been added to containing a corresponding edge case to check that the warnings are correctly issued and the fit does not terminate.
plot.mmkin: Round the chi2 error value to three significant digits, instead of two decimal digits.
mkinfit: Return the
err values used on weighted fits as a column named
err. Also include these inverse weights when the column
value in the observed data is used, which is returned as
observed in the data component of the mkinfit object.
endpoints: When the name of a substance degrading to a metabolite (e.g. a parent compound) used in the model formulation ended in the letter
f, some rate parameters could be listed as formation fractions with mixed up names. These would also appear in the summary.
mkinfit: Check for all observed variables when checking if the user tried to fix formation fractions when fitting them using ilr transformation.
plot.mmkin: Set the plot margins correctly, also in the case of a single fit to be plotted, so the main title is placed in a reasonable way.
plot.mkinfit: Correct default values for
lty_obs for the case that
obs_vars is specified.
mkinfit, for fitting only the decline from the maximum observed value for models with a single observed variable
Add plots to
Give an explanatory error message when mkinmod fails due to a missing definition of a target variable
print.mkinmod(): Improve formatting when printing mkinmod model definitions
Add an R6 class
mkinds representing datasets with a printing method
Add a printing method for mkinmod objects
Make it possible to specify arbitrary strings as names for the compounds in
mkinmod, and show them in the plot
Use an index.r file to group help topics in static documentation
print.summary.mkinfit(): Avoid an error that occurred when printing summaries generated with mkin versions before 0.9-36
endpoints(): For DFOP and SFORB models, where
optimize()is used, make use of the fact that the DT50 must be between DT50_k1 and DT50_k2 (DFOP) or DT50_b1 and DT50_b2 (SFORB), as
optimize()sometimes did not find the minimum. Likewise for finding DT90 values. Also fit on the log scale to make the function more efficient.
mmkin(): This function takes a character vector of model shorthand names, or alternatively a list of mkinmod models, as well as a list of dataset as main arguments. It returns a matrix of mkinfit objects, with a row for each model and a column for each dataset. A subsetting method with single brackets is available. Fitting the models in parallel using the
parallel package is supported.
plot.mmkin(): Plots single-row or single-column
mmkin objects including residual plots.
mkinparplot(): Fix the x axis scaling for rate constants and formation fractions that got confused by the introduction of the t-values of transformed parameters.
vignettes/compiled_models.html: Show the performance improvement factor actually obtained when building the vignette, as well as mkin version, some system info and the CPU model used for building the vignette.
vignettes/*: Clean up vignette generation and include table of contents in HTML vignettes.
mkinmod(): When generating the C code for the derivatives, only declare the time variable when it is needed and remove the ‘-W-no-unused-variable’ compiler flag as the C compiler used in the CRAN checks on Solaris does not know it.
summary.mkinfit(): A one-sided t-test for significant difference of untransformed parameters from zero is now always shown, based on the assumption of normal distribution for estimators of all untransformed parameters. Use with caution, as this assumption is unrealistic e.g. for rate constants in these nonlinear kinetic models.
If a compiler (gcc) is installed, use a version of the differential equation model compiled from C code, which is a huge performance boost for models where only the deSolve method works.
mkinmod(): Create a list component $cf (of class CFuncList) in the list returned by mkinmod, if a version can be compiled from autogenerated C code (see above).
mkinfit(): Set the default
deSolve when a compiled version of the model is present, except when an analytical solution is possible.
mkinparplot(): Avoid warnings that occurred when not all confidence intervals were available in the summary of the fit
print.summary.mkinfit(): Fix printing the summary for the case that the number of iterations is not available
NAMESPACE: export S3 methods plot.mkinfit, summary.mkinfit and print.summary.mkinfit to satisfy R CMD check on R-devel
mkinparplot(): Avoid warning in R CMD check about undeclared global variable
mkinfit(): Report successful termination when quiet = FALSE. This is helpful for more difficult problems fitted with reweight.method = obs, as no progress is often indicated during the reweighting.
A first test using results established in the expertise written for the German Federal Environmental Agency (UBA) was added.
Add synthetic datasets generated for expertise written for the German Federal Environmental Agency UBA
Add tests based on these datasets
Add the possibility to fit indeterminate order rate equation (IORE) models using an analytical solution (parent only) or a numeric solution. Paths from IORE compounds to metabolites are supported when using formation fractions (use_of_ff = ‘max’). Note that the numerical solution (method.ode = ‘deSolve’) of the IORE differential equations sometimes fails due to numerical problems.
Switch to using the Port algorithm (using a model/trust region approach) per default. While needing more iterations than the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm previously used per default, it is less sensitive to starting parameters.
The initial value (state.ini) for the observed variable with the highest observed residue is set to 100 in case it has no time zero observation and
state.ini = "auto"
A basic unit test for
mkinerrmin() was written
mkinfit(): The internally fitted parameter for
g was named
g_ilr even when
mkinfit(): The initial value (state.ini) for the parent compound was not set when the parent was not the (only) variable with the highest value in the observed data.
mkinerrmin(): When checking for degrees of freedom for metabolites, check if their time zero value is fixed instead of checking if the observed value is zero. This ensures correct calculation of degrees of freedom also in cases where the metabolite residue at time zero is greater zero.
plot.mkinfit(): Avoid a warning message about only using the first component of ylim that occurred when ylim was specified explicitly
The formatting of differential equations in the summary was improved by wrapping overly long lines
The FOCUS_Z vignette was rebuilt with the above improvement and using a width of 70 to avoid output outside of the grey area
print.summary.mkinfit(): Avoid a warning that occurred when gmkin showed summaries of initial fits without iterations
mkinfit(): Avoid a warning that occurred when summarising a fit that was performed with maxitmodFit = 0 as done in gmkin for configuring new fits.
The number of degrees of freedom is difficult to define in the case of ilr transformation of formation fractions. Now for each source compartment the number of ilr parameters (=number of optimised parameters) is divided by the number of pathways to metabolites (=number of affected data series) which leads to fractional degrees of freedom in some cases.
The default for the initial value for the first state value is now taken from the mean of the observations at time zero, if available.
The kinetic model can alternatively be specified with a shorthand name for parent only degradation models, e.g.
Optimisation method, number of model evaluations and time elapsed during optimisation are given in the summary of mkinfit objects.
The maximum number of iterations in the optimisation algorithm can be specified using the argument
maxit.modFit to the mkinfit function.
mkinfit gives a warning when the fit does not converge (does not apply to SANN method). This warning is included in the summary.
Avoid plotting an artificial 0 residual at time zero in
In the determination of the degrees of freedom in
mkinerrmin, formation fractions were accounted for multiple times in the case of parallel formation of metabolites. See the new feature described above for the solution.
mkinfit now also works for FOMC and HS models.
Initial values for formation fractions were not set in all cases.
No warning was given when the fit did not converge when a method other than the default Levenberg-Marquardt method
Marq was used.
Vignettes were rebuilt to reflect the changes in the summary method.
Pseudo was excluded because it needs user-defined parameter limits which are not supported.
Newton was excluded because of its different way to specify the maximum number of iterations and because it does not appear to provide additional benefits.
mkinerrmin()used by the summary function.
The original and the transformed parameters now have different names (e.g.
log_k_parent. They also differ in how many they are when we have formation fractions but no pathway to sink.
The order of some of the information blocks in
print.summary.mkinfit.R() has been ordered in a more logical way.
The vignette FOCUS_Z has been simplified to use formation fractions with turning off the sink, and slightly amended to use the new versions of DT50 values calculated since mkin 0.9-29.
All vignettes have been rebuilt so they reflect all changes.
The ChangeLog was renamed to NEWS.md and the entries were converted to markdown syntax compatible with the
tools::news() function built into R.
The test suite was overhauled. Tests of the DFOP and SFORB models with dataset FOCUS_2006_A were removed, as they were too much dependent on the optimisation algorithm and/or starting parameters, because the dataset is SFO (compare kinfit vignette).
Also, the Schaefer complex case can now be fitted using formation fractions, and with the ‘Port’ optimisation method we also fit A2 in the same way as published in the Piacenza paper.
Some more checks were introduced to
mkinfit(), leading to warnings or stopping execution if unsupported combinations of methods and parameters are requested.
R/mkinresplot.R: Make it possible to specify
R/geometric_mean.R, man/geometric_mean.Rd: Add geometric mean function
R/endpoints.R, man/endpoints.Rd: Calculate additional (pseudo)-DT50 values for FOMC, DFOP, HS and SFORB. Avoid calculation of formation fractions from rate constants when they are directly fitted
Do not backtransform confidence intervals for formation fractions if more than one compound is formed, as such parameters only define the pathways as a set
Add historical remarks and some background to the main package vignette
Correct ‘isotropic’ into ‘isometric’ for the ilr transformation
Fork the GUI into a separate package gmkin
DESCRIPTION, NAMESPACE, TODO: Adapt and add copyright information
Remove files belonging to the GUI
Possibility to fit without parameter transformations, using bounds as implemented in FME
Add McCall 2,4,5-T dataset
Enable selection of observed variables in plotting
Add possibility to show residual plot in
R/mkinparplot.R, man/mkinparplot.Rd: plot parameters with confidence intervals
Change vignette format from Sweave to knitr
Split examples vignette to FOCUS_L and FOCUS_Z
Remove warning about constant formation fractions in mkinmod as it was based on a misconception
Restrict the unit test with the Schaefer data to parent and primary metabolites as formation fraction and DT50 for A2 are highly correlated and passing the test is platform dependent. For example, the test fails in 1 out of 14 platforms on CRAN as of today.
Add Eurofins Regulatory AG copyright notices
Import FME and deSolve instead of depending on them to have clean startup
Add a starter function for the GUI:
Change the format of the workspace files of gmkin so they can be distributed and documented in the package
Add gmkin workspace datasets FOCUS_2006_gmkin and FOCUS_2006_Z_gmkin
Bugfix re-enabling the fixing of any combination of initial values for state variables
Default values for kinetic rate constants are not all 0.1 any more but are “salted” with a small increment to avoid numeric artefacts with the eigenvalue based solutions
Backtransform fixed ODE parameters for the summary
Get rid of the optimisation step in
mkinerrmin - this was unnecessary. Thanks to KinGUII for the inspiration - actually this is equation 6-2 in FOCUS kinetics p. 91 that I had overlooked originally
plot.mkinfit as it passed graphical arguments like main to the solver
Do not use
The first successful fits in the not so simple GUI
Fix iteratively reweighted least squares for the case of many metabolites
Unify naming of initial values of state variables
Unify naming in dataframes of optimised and fixed parameters in the summary
Show the weighting method for residuals in the summary
Correct the output of the data in the case of manual weighting
Implement IRLS assuming different variances for observed variables
Do not use 0 values at time zero for chi2 error level calculations. This is the way it is done in KinGUII and it makes sense. It does impact the chi2 error levels in the output. Generally they seem to be lower for metabolites now, presumably because the mean of the observed values is higher
For a detailed list of changes to the mkin source please consult the commit history on http://github.com/jranke/mkin